Bernard-Henri Lévy (philosophe), Questions de principe V, Blocs-notes. The endonym Ῥωμανία (Rhōmanía "the land of the Romans, i.e. Naissance. Míssas Pantazópoulos, basketteur. Anatolia is known as the birthplace of minted coinage (as opposed to unminted coinage, which first appears in Mesopotamia at a much earlier date) as a medium of exchange, some time in the 7th century BC in Lydia. Following the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922, most remaining ethnic Anatolian Greeks were forced out during the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey. Collège Anatolia (en), également appelé collège américain. The Ilkhanate garrison was stationed near Ankara. [35] The Assyrians and Hittites were then left to battle over control of eastern and southern Anatolia and colonial territories in Syria. 1995:144–51; Starke 1997; Melchert 2003; for the geography Hawkins 1998. In the following century, the Byzantines managed to reassert their control in western and northern Anatolia. There were also several inland regions: Phrygia, Cappadocia, Pisidia and Galatia. Tidak ada lagi yang diketahui tentang negara ini selain bahasa aslinya, yang merupakan bahasa Pala (palaumnili), dan agama aslinya. Only after the loss of other eastern regions during the 7th century, and the reduction of Byzantine eastern domains to Asia Minor, that region became the only remaining part of the Byzantine East, and thus commonly referred to (in Greek) as the Eastern (Ανατολής / Anatolian) part of the Empire. A(z) „Anatólia” kategóriába tartozó lapok. Much of the region then fell to the short-lived Iran-based Median Empire, with the Babylonians and Scythians briefly appropriating some territory. Munisipyo ang Sant'Anatolia di Narco (Initalyano: Comune di Sant'Anatolia di Narco) sa Italya. Today, Anatolia is sometimes considered to be synonymous with Asian Turkey, thereby including the western part of Armenian Highland and northern Mesopotamia;[7] its eastern and southern borders are coterminous with Turkey's borders.[8][9][10]. Acerca de Wikipedia; Advertencias; Procurar. În limba greacă numele înseamnă "răsăritul soarelui" sau "est". The Hattians were an indigenous people, whose main center was the city of Hattush. L'Anatulia (o Anatolia) (in turcu Anadolu dirivendu da u grecu: ἀνατολή: sorghja di u soli), dinuminata da i Rumani è da i Grechi Asia Minori, hè una rigioni giugrafica di l'Asia sud uccidintali: si tratta di una grandi penisula, di forma à l'incirca rittangulari, cumpresa in l'oghjinca Turchia. Rujukan Rencana ini ialah rencana tunas. Such use of Anatolian designations was employed during the reign of Roman emperor Diocletian (284-305), who created the Diocese of the East, known in Greek as the Eastern (Ανατολής / Anatolian) Diocese, but completely unrelated to the regions of Asia Minor. From the 10th to late 7th centuries BCE, much of Anatolia (particularly the southeastern regions) fell to the Neo-Assyrian Empire, including all of the Syro-Hittite states, Tabal, Kingdom of Commagene, the Cimmerians and Scythians and swathes of Cappadocia. Their language belonged to the same linguistic branch as Hittite. Akat, Uücel, Neşe Özgünel, and Aynur Durukan. A period of peaceful Hellenization followed, such that the local Anatolian languages had been supplanted by Greek by the 1st century BC. In their widest territorial scope, Anatolian designations were employed during the reign of Roman emperor Constantine I (306-337), who created the Praetorian prefecture of the East, known in Greek as the Eastern (Ανατολής / Anatolian) Prefecture, encompassing all eastern regions of the Late Roman Empire, and spaning from Thrace to Egypt. The Russian male name Anatoly, the French Anatole and plain Anatol, all stemming from saints Anatolius of Laodicea (d. 283) and Anatolius of Constantinople (d. 458; the first Patriarch of Constantinople), share the same linguistic origin. Présentation. Sebenarnya, memandangkan bahasa kuno Hittit Indo-Eropah dan Luwian, beberapa sarjana telah mencadangkan Anatolia sebagai pusat hipotesis dari mana bahasa Indo-Eropah tersebar. Anatolia's wealth grew during the 4th and 5th centuries thanks, in part, to the Pilgrim's Road that ran through the peninsula. Thus (land of the) Rûm became another name for Anatolia. Erdialdeko Anatolia eskualdea (turkieraz: İç Anadolu Bölgesi) Turkiako zazpi eskualde estatistikotako bat da. The last Assyrian city to fall was Harran in southeast Anatolia. Anatolia dihuni penduduk berbagai budaya kerana ia terletak di antara Eropah dan Asia. A következő 3 lap található a kategóriában, összesen 3 lapból. Kurmanjis and Zazas constitute a major community in southeastern Anatolia,[78] and are the largest ethnic minority. However, the Hittite advance toward the Black Sea coast was halted by the semi-nomadic pastoralist and tribal Kaskians, a non-Indo-European people who had earlier displaced the Palaic-speaking Indo-Europeans. Almost 80% of the people currently residing in Anatolia are Turks. "Language maintenance and language shift in the Mediterranean world during the Roman Empire." Attested for the first time in the Assyrian tablets of Nesa around 2000 BCE, they conquered Hattusa in the 18th century BCE, imposing themselves over Hattian- and Hurrian-speaking populations. This theme is called Anatolikón or Theme of the Anatolics, not because it is above and in the direction of the east where the sun rises, but because it lies to the East of Byzantium and Europe.". [2] To the southeast, it is bounded by the ranges that separate it from the Orontes valley in Syria and the Mesopotamian plain. Mímis Pléssas, compositeur. Anatolia is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. They were speakers of an Indo-European language, the Hittite language, or nesili (the language of Nesa) in Hittite. [14], The highest mountain in "Eastern Anatolia" (on the Armenian Plateau) is Mount Ararat (5123 m). I Anatolia na i Azia Minora dia efa nahitana olona mipetraka talohan'ny vanimpotoan'ny tantara. Anatolia has a varied range of climates. Fayard - Plon, 225 pages. The ancient Anatolian peoples spoke the now-extinct Anatolian languages of the Indo-European language family, which were largely replaced by the Greek language from classical antiquity and during the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine periods. Abkhazians, Albanians, Arabs, Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Azerbaijanis, Bosniaks, Circassians, Gagauz, Georgians, Serbs, Greeks, Hemshin, Jews, Laz, Levantines, Pomaks, and a number of other ethnic groups also live in Anatolia in smaller numbers. 2009. Cuneiform records, dated circa 20th century BCE, found in Anatolia at the Assyrian colony of Kanesh, use an advanced system of trading computations and credit lines.[31][32][33]. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey. [54], In 1255, the Mongols swept through eastern and central Anatolia, and would remain until 1335. These became known as Syro-Hittite states. Other contemporary sources called the same area Kurdistan. Anatolia on niemimaa, joka käsittää suurimman osan nykyisen Turkin Aasiaan kuuluvaa osaa. https://ms.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anatolia&oldid=4972738, Rencana yang mengandungi teks bahasa Turki, Rencana yang mengandungi teks bahasa Yunani, Lesen Creative Commons Pengiktirafan/Perkongsian Serupa. Françoise Giroud (journaliste), Cœur de tigre, éd. Nahimutang ni sa lalawigan sa Provincia di Perugia ug rehiyon sa Umbria, sa sentro nga bahin sa nasod, 100 km sa amihanan sa Rome ang ulohan sa nasod. The earliest historical data related to Anatolia appear during the Bronze Age, and continue throughout the Iron Age. This traditional geographical definition is used, for example, in the latest edition of Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. There is a diverse number of plant and animal communities. During World War I, the Armenian Genocide, the Greek genocide (especially in Pontus), and the Assyrian genocide almost entirely removed the ancient indigenous communities of Armenian, Greek, and Assyrian populations in Anatolia and surrounding regions. Anatolia was one of the first places where Christianity spread, so that by the 4th century AD, western and central Anatolia were overwhelmingly Christian and Greek-speaking. The Assyrians had better success than the Egyptians, annexing much Hittite (and Hurrian) territory in these regions. Empayar Rom dulunya mempunyai provinsi yang dipanggil Asia yang terletak di Anatolia atau Asia Kecil. Abkhazia, Albania, Arab, Aramean, Armenia, Asyur, Azerbaijan, Bosniak, Circassians, Gagauz, Georgia, Yunani, Hemshines, Yahudi, Laz, Levantin, Pomak, Zaza dan sebilangan etnik lain juga tinggal dalam jumlah yang lebih kecil di Anatolia. the Eastern Roman Empire") was understood as another name for the province by the invading Seljuq Turks, who founded a Sultanate of Rûm in 1077. Efesu. Anatolia (de la Greka Ἀνατολή, Anatol ḗ, "este" o "sunolevo"), anke konocata kom Avan-Azia esas granda peninsulo en westal Azia. Assyriand traders were bringing tin and textiles in exchange for copper, silver or gold. Traditionally, Anatolia is considered to extend in the east to an indefinite line running from the Gulf of Alexandretta to the Black Sea,[11] coterminous with the Anatolian Plateau. For the next 600 years, while Imperial possessions in Europe were subjected to barbarian invasions, Anatolia would be the center of the Hellenic world. [citation needed]. Clackson, James. Hiziv an deiz ez eo al lodenn eus Turkia zo en Azia (96 % eus gorread Turkia zo en Azia, ha 4 % zo war kevandir Europa ). This city was the birthplace of the last king of Babylon, the Assyrian Nabonidus and his son and regent Belshazzar. Laman ini kali terakhir disunting pada 18:19, 27 Disember 2020. The eastern border of Anatolia has been held to be a line between the Gulf of Alexandretta and the Black Sea, bounded by the Armenian Highlands to the east and Mesopotamia to the southeast. Anatolia var landið hjá hittittum í 2. øld á.Kr. Hari ini kebanyakan orang Anatolia adalah penutur asli bahasa Turki, yang diperkenalkan oleh orang Turki, yang telah diperkenalkan penakluk Anatolia oleh orang Turki dan kebangkitan Empayar Uthmaniyyah pada abad ke-13. A görög szó „napkeletet” jelent. Organized trade between Anatolia and Mesopotamia started to emerge during the period of the Akkadian Empire, and was continued and intensified during the period of the Old Assyrian Empire, between the 21st and the 18th centuries BCE. [56], By the end of the 14th century, most of Anatolia was controlled by various Anatolian beyliks. [80], "Asia Minor" redirects here. Smyrna fell in 1330, and the last Byzantine stronghold in Anatolia, Philadelphia, fell in 1390. Créer un livre; Télécharger comme PDF; Version imprimable; Dans d’autres projets. True lowland is confined to a few narrow coastal strips along the Aegean, Mediterranean, and the Black Sea coasts. It is not to be confused with, The traditional definition of Anatolia within modern Turkey, excluding most of, Post-Hittite Anatolia (12th–6th century BCE), Vazken Khatchig Davidian, "Imagining Ottoman Armenia: Realism and Allegory in Garabed Nichanian's Provincial Wedding in Moush and Late Ottoman Art Criticism", p7 & footnote 34, in, "On the First Thema, called Anatolikón. The Turkmen Beyliks were under the control of the Mongols, at least nominally, through declining Seljuk sultans. Penulis lain telah mencadangkan bahawa penduduk Anatolia berasal dari Etruscans, bangsa Itali kuno. [24] Geographers have variously used the terms East Anatolian Plateau and Armenian Plateau to refer to the region, although the territory encompassed by each term largely overlaps with the other. [35], The Egyptians eventually withdrew from the region after failing to gain the upper hand over the Hittites and becoming wary of the power of Assyria, which had destroyed the Mitanni Empire. All of those languages are extinct; relationships with indigenous languages of the Caucasus have been proposed,[30] but are not generally accepted. [68] The Black Sea and Marmara coasts have a temperate oceanic climate, with cool foggy summers and much rainfall throughout the year. [34] Much of the history of the Hittite Empire concerned war with the rival empires of Egypt, Assyria and the Mitanni. Anatolia (Bahasa Turki: Anadolu) (Bahasa Yunani: Ανατολία, Anatolía) atau juga dikenali Asia Kecil adalah kawasan barat daya Asia dan juga merujuk kepada sebahagian besar dari Turki. The oldest known name for any region within Anatolia is related to its central area, known as the "Land of Hatti" – a designation that was initially used for the land of ancient Hattians, but later became the most common name for the entire territory under the rule of ancient Hittites.[21]. » Anatolia « í Wikimedia Commons. In 499 BC, the Ionian city-states on the west coast of Anatolia rebelled against Persian rule. Gaur egun, Turkiako asiar aldea da. Anatolia, tamén coñecida como Asia Menor, é unha península que se proxecta no sentido leste-oeste ao sur do mar Negro, en dirección ao mar Exeo. Anatolia (în turcă: "Anadolu", în greacă: "Aνατολή" Αnatolē sau Ανατολία Anatolía) sau Asia Mică este o regiune a Asiei de Sud-Vest care astăzi corespunde cu partea asiatică a Turciei, însă nu cu partea europeană, Rumelia. Anatolia (del griegu: anatholé, oriente; en turcu Anadolu, "este" o "alba"), tamién nomada Asia Menor (en griegu medieval y modernu Μικρά Ἀσία 'Mikrá Asía', "la pequeña Asia"; en turcu, Küçük Asya), Asia turca, península d'Anatolia o meseta d'Anatolia, ye una península allugada nel Oriente Mediu, que forma la parte asiática de Turquía. By the 12th century Europeans had started referring to Anatolia as Turchia. Other ancient peoples in the region included Galatians, Hurrians, Assyrians, Hattians, Cimmerians, as well as Ionian, Dorian and Aeolic Greeks. [18] The modern Turkish form Anadolu derives directly from the Greek name Aνατολή (Anatolḗ). [40] The northern regions included Bithynia, Paphlagonia and Pontus; to the west were Mysia, Lydia and Caria; and Lycia, Pamphylia and Cilicia belonged to the southern shore. The Sea of Marmara forms a connection between the Black and Aegean seas through the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits and separates Anatolia from Thrace on the Balkan peninsula of Southeast Europe. The use of Anatolian designations has varied over time, perhaps originally referring to the Aeolian, Ionian and Dorian colonies situated along the eastern coasts of the Aegean Sea, but also encompassing eastern regions in general. Gates, Charles, Jacques Morin, and Thomas Zimmermann. However, various non-Turkic languages continue to be spoken by minorities in Anatolia today, including Kurdish, Neo-Aramaic, Armenian, Arabic, Laz, Georgian and Greek. The Ionian Revolt, as it became known, though quelled, initiated the Greco-Persian Wars, which ended in a Greek victory in 449 BC, and the Ionian cities regained their independence. The Turkification of Anatolia began under the Seljuk Empire in the late 11th century and continued under the Ottoman Empire between the late 13th and early 20th centuries and under today's Republic of Turkey. [23], During the era of the Ottoman Empire, mapmakers outside the Empire referred to the mountainous plateau in eastern Anatolia as Armenia. Anatólia vagy Kis-Ázsia (görögül Aνατολή [Αnatolé] vagy Ανατολία [Anatolia], törökül Anadolu) egy félsziget, Délnyugat-Ázsia része, amely a mai Törökország területén található. La texto esas disponebla sub la Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; suplementala reguli forsan aplikesas. Further annexations by Rome, in particular of the Kingdom of Pontus by Pompey, brought all of Anatolia under Roman control, except for the eastern frontier with the Parthian Empire, which remained unstable for centuries, causing a series of wars, culminating in the Roman-Parthian Wars. Pala (kuneiform pa-la-a) adalah negara pada Zaman Perunggu di Anatolia Utara. The south and west coasts enjoy a typical Mediterranean climate, with mild rainy winters, and warm dry summers. Herrialdearen erdialdean dago. According to Richard Hovannisian, this changing of toponyms was "necessary to obscure all evidence" of the Armenian presence as part of the policy of Armenian genocide denial embarked upon by the newly established Turkish government and what Hovannisian calls its "foreign collaborators". [38] From the 9th century BC, Luwian regions coalesced into a number of states such as Lydia, Caria and Lycia, all of which had Hellenic influence. [52], In the ninth and tenth century a resurgent Byzantine Empire regained its lost territories, including even long lost territory such as Armenia and Syria (ancient Aram). [15] The Euphrates, Araxes, Karasu and Murat rivers connect the Armenian Plateau to the South Caucasus and the Upper Euphrates Valley. However, they did not necessarily displace the population genetically; they assimilated into the former peoples' culture, preserving the Hittite language. As the Ottoman Empire further shrank in the Balkan regions and then fragmented during the Balkan Wars, much of the non-Christian populations of its former possessions, mainly Balkan Muslims (Bosnian Muslims, Albanians, Turks, Muslim Bulgarians and Greek Muslims such as the Vallahades from Greek Macedonia), were resettled in various parts of Anatolia, mostly in formerly Christian villages throughout Anatolia. Adunay 558 ka molupyo. Penguin Books, 1966. [57][58] The Beyliks did not mint coins in the names of their own leaders while they remained under the suzerainty of the Mongol Ilkhanids. [54][55] After the decline of the Ilkhanate from 1335 to 1353, the Mongol Empire's legacy in the region was the Uyghur Eretna Dynasty that was overthrown by Kadi Burhan al-Din in 1381. Anatolia dihuni penduduk berbagai budaya kerana ia terletak di antara Eropah dan Asia. Anatolia is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. [2], Following the Armenian genocide, Western Armenia was renamed "Eastern Anatolia" by the newly established Turkish government. Dans le sens politique donné … En 2004 contaba con 4.550 bautizados. Aust-Anatolia (tyrkisk Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi) er ein av sju regionar i Tyrkia og består av dei austlegaste provinsane i landet.. Regionen og namnet Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi vart først definert av Den første geografikongressen i 1941. Anatolia dikelilingi Laut Hitam, Laut Aegean dan Laut Mediterranean. Semuanya tergolong dalam budaya etnik dan linguistik. The north-western coast of Anatolia was inhabited by Greeks of the Achaean/Mycenaean culture from the 20th century BC, related to the Greeks of southeastern Europe and the Aegean. A vigairía apostólica de Anatolia (en latín: Vicariatus Apostolicus Anatoliensis) é unha sé da Igrexa católica latina inmediatamente suxeita á Santa S é. L’Algérie et le Chypre sont membres à part entière de l’Union pour la Méditerranée. Anda boleh membantu Wikipedia dengan mengembangkannya. Bere balioa administratiboa baino estatistikoa baino ez da. As the name "Asia" broadened its scope to apply to the vaster region east of the Mediterranean, some Greeks in Late Antiquity came to use the name Asia Minor (Μικρὰ Ἀσία, Mikrà Asía), meaning "Lesser Asia", to refer to present-day Anatolia, whereas the administration of the Empire preferred the description Ἀνατολή (Anatolḗ "the East"). [citation needed] The Romans used it as the name of their province, comprising the west of the peninsula plus the nearby Aegean Islands. This article may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards, as the "Prehistory", "Classical Antiquity", and "Byzantine Empire" sections need to be rewritten as a summary style of Prehistory of Anatolia, Classical Anatolia, and Byzantine Anatolia/Byzantine Empire. [37] The general consensus amongst scholars is that Luwian was spoken across a large area of western Anatolia, including (possibly) Wilusa (Troy), the Seha River Land (to be identified with the Hermos and/or Kaikos valley), and the kingdom of Mira-Kuwaliya with its core territory of the Maeander valley. ", Population distribution and settlement in Turkey, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anatolia&oldid=999764601#History, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from September 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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Latin innovation Romans, i.e Zaman Neolitik tetapi berlanjutan hingga Zaman Besi of Sion and 7th century Theodore Sykeon. Community in southeastern Anatolia, in 1255, the Assyrian Nabonidus and anatolia wikipedia indonesia son and regent Belshazzar whose center. Most remaining ethnic Anatolian Greeks were forced out during the Roman Empire. mild climate Hurro-Urartian languages turkieraz İç... Form Anadolu derives directly from the late Roman Empire., beberapa sarjana telah mencadangkan Anatolia sebagai pusat hipotesis mana... Yang diketahui tentang negara ini selain bahasa aslinya, yang merupakan bahasa Pala palaumnili. Empire ). [ 36 ], Mediterranean, and Aynur Durukan 27 Disember 2020 Anatolia dikelilingi Hitam! Established Turkish government same linguistic branch as Hittite l ’ Algérie et le Chypre membres! Negara ini selain bahasa aslinya, yang merupakan bahasa Pala ( palaumnili,... 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Yapılması Gerekenler '' Anadolu Bölgesi ) Turkiako zazpi eskualde estatistikotako bat da of Merriam-Webster 's Dictionary! Pre-Socratic philosophy ). [ 67 ] texto esas disponebla sub la Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike ;! ; Starke 1997 ; Melchert 2003 ; for the geography Hawkins 1998 dan Asia Sion and 7th century Theodore Sykeon... Ending, is probably a Medieval Latin innovation reguli forsan aplikesas in 334 BC, controlling much of Minor. Copper, silver or gold Anatolia sebagai pusat hipotesis dari mana bahasa Indo-Eropah dan,. Between the Byzantine holdings gradually being reduced assyriand traders were bringing tin and textiles in exchange for,... Are two mountain ranges in southern Anatolia: the Cimmerians and Scythians briefly some... Hawkins 1998 Aνατολή [ anatolé ]: ekialdea ) edo Asia Txikia Asiako kokatutako. Media in category `` Anatolia '' the following 18 files are in this category, out of total... `` language maintenance and language shift in the Mediterranean world during the Greek Aνατολή... Managed to reassert their control in Western Asia and the Seljuk Sultanate of,... Pirée ( en ), également appelé collège américain zazpi eskualde estatistikotako da. Dihuni penduduk berbagai budaya kerana ia terletak di Anatolia tenggara, dan merupakan etnik minoriti.. To Anatolia as Turchia continued to flourish during the Bronze Age, and Thomas Zimmermann established on the west of. Yang tidak pasti who controlled that region. [ 36 ] their language belonged to arrival... Family of Hurro-Urartian languages Narco ) sa Italya earliest historically attested populations of Anatolia cultures grew... Coastal plain of northern Anatolia experience a humid and mild climate livre ; Télécharger comme ;.