Amongst the bulk of later New Testament manuscripts it is generally possible to demonstrate a clear Byzantine majority reading for each variant; and a Greek New Testament text based on these majority readings—"The Majority Text"—has been produced by Zane C. Hodges and Arthur L. Farstad, although this text does not correspond to any one particular manuscript. An occasional Byzantine Reading (usually an EARLY Byzantine reading) may find support in the Papyri, but for the most part the Papyri reflect MORE the Alexandrian Text type than the Byzantine Type. For many advocates of the majority text view, a peculiar form of the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture undergirds the entire approach. THE TRADITIONAL TEXT LINE VS THE ALEXANDRIAN TEXT LINE: Share this: Share This entry was posted in Articles, Charts, ... United Bible Society Greek Text (UBS4) Nestle Aland Greek Text (NA28th) Textus Receptus Greek Text (TR) Some Differences Between the KJV & the ESV Part 1; Some More Differences Between the KJV & the ESV Part 2 ; Some More Differences Between the KJV & the … This article is continued from The Majority Text vs. the Critical Text - Part Two. In Biblical textual criticism, the Byzantine text-type (also called Majority Text, Traditional Text, Ecclesiastical Text, Constantinopolitan Text, Antiocheian Text, or Syrian Text) is one of several text-types of the Greek New Testament manuscripts. ), 1360, 1362, 1364, 1367, 1370, 1373, 1374, 1377, 1384, 1385, 1392, 1395, 1398 (except Paul), 1400, 1409 (Gospels and Paul), 1417, 1437, 1438, 1444, 1445, 1447, 1448 (except Cath. The Textus Receptus differs from the Majority Text in 1,838 Greek readings, of which 1,005 represent "translatable" differences.[18]. or. I will set out two such hypotheses below, one assuming that the Alexandrian text type is closest to the originals, the other assuming that the Byzantine text type is closer to the originals 2.5.1 Alexandrian text type closer to originals For the purpose of this hypothesis, we assume that the autographs were fairly similar to the Alexandrian text type. The texts reflects what you might expect from the Alexandrian School of philosophers. There are no consistent Byzantine witnesses amongst the early New Testament papyri. ), 614 (in Cath. This text came to be known as the Textus Receptus or received text after being thus termed by Bonaventura Elzevir, an enterprising publisher from the Netherlands, in his 1633 edition of Erasmus' text. Indeed, in contains a number of readings that came in through other avenues besides Greek manuscripts and which are not found in any Greek manuscript at … Karl Lachmann (1850) was the first New Testament textual critic to produce an edition that broke with the Textus Receptus, relying mainly instead on manuscripts from the Alexandrian text-type. A short summary of this paper. 28) puts it: 4:4 The devil is rebuffed with the use of Dt. ), 1846 (only Acts), 1847, 1849, 1851, 1852 (only in Rev. Modern Bible translations have now turned to the newer discoveries of the Alexandrian text-types, namely the Codex Sinaiticus and the Codex Vaticanus. Although the majority of New Testament textual critics now favor a text that is Alexandrian in complexion, especially after the publication of Westcott and Hort's edition, there remain some proponents of the Byzantine text-type as the type of text most similar to the autographs. It is the form found in the largest number of surviving manuscripts. The Byzantine text type is by far the majority text type and is to be found in the vast majority of later NT manuscripts. Only a very few manuscripts fall into the Alexandrian text-type, and these manuscripts are … Is the only reason these … Some of the manuscripts representing the Alexandrian text-type have the Byzantine corrections made by later hands (Papyrus 66, Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Ephraemi, Codex Regiu… Ernst Boogert. The text used by the Orthodox Church is supported by late minuscule manuscripts. "Weighed Rather than Counted" To evade the vast numerical superiority of the Byzantine manuscripts, CT scholars will try to "lump" them together so that they are in effect only one witness rather than many. Compared to Alexandrian text-type manuscripts, the distinct Byzantine readings tend to show a greater tendency toward smooth and well-formed Greek, they display fewer instances of textual variation between parallel Synoptic Gospel passages, and they are less likely to present contradictory or "difficult" issues of exegesis. Critics note, however, that none of the earliest manuscripts or translations were Byzantine in form. Alexandrian Texts vs. Byzantine Texts. Erroll F. Rhodes, "The Syrian text has all the appearance of being a careful attempt to supersede the chaos of rival texts by a judicious selection from them all. Article is continued from the Alexandrian and Western texts say the Alexandrian family of texts n't., however, that none of the text used by the Orthodox Church is supported by late minuscule manuscripts English! The early Byzantine text is a copy of the original text and Alexandria/Alexandrian text only in Rev text / Receptus! 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